Lexicon

Spinal disc herniation

The spinal discs (Discus intervertebralis) are lying between the vertebrae in the spine. These consist of a ring of tissue (Anulus fibrosus) and a soft jelly-like core (nucleus pulposus), which is reponsible for the mobility of the spine and at the same time fulfills the purpose as a shock absorber.

In a spinal disc herniation the core slips and breaks through the protective connective tissue ring (anulus fibrosus). The kelly-like mass comes out and presses against the spinal cord or nerve roots, which can cause radiating pain and loss of strength in the corresponding nerve territory.

The disc material can heal over time and the leaked mass separates from the disc and is continually broken down, so that the disc can move back into the original place.

The spinal disc herniation can occure in various forms with individual difiiculties. Some herniated discs cause no symptomes, not even every herniated disc includes a nerve entrapment. In a very little number of herniated discs the leaked mass can press on the nerve and the corresponding causes radiating pain.

Depending on the size of the displacement or even leaked disc mass it can be treated with manual therapy, physiotherapy and MTT. These treatments are very helpful to the recovery process and in most cases they lead to a complete reduction of the symptoms.