Lexicon

Parkinson’s

The Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder in which a progressive loss of nerve cells in the central nervous system, particularly in the brain, occurs. The symptoms of Parkinson are very individual. In addition to that, the disease is not progressing in all patients in the same speed. Therefore each patient has his “own” Parkinson’s disease with individual symptomes.

  • Immobility (bradykinesia, akinesia): Smooth movements are more difficult (for example writing, walking).
  • Stiffness (ridgidity): The muscle tension is steadiliy increased, especially on the limbs, which therefore are restricted to move.
  • Tremor at rest: Usually the resting tremor is initially unilateral. The arms are often more affected than the legs.
  • Postural Instability: In Parkinson’s patients the automatism of upright posture and balance are defective. It is more difficult to mantain an upright posture. A dangerous consequence are fallings.

The Parkinson’s disease is not curable, but with physiotherapy treatment the greatest possible indepence in daily life can be achieved and the quality of life is increased significantly.