Known collectively as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This description summarizes a group of lung dieases that are characterized by cough, increased cough up of mucus (sputum) and shortness of breath during exertion. Respiratory therapy is very helpful and prophylactic against pneumonia after surgery on chest and/or abdomen.

In this case the pain and any scars are limiting factors for good respiratory and corresponding ventilation of the lungs. Acute respiratory symptomes, which occur at little exercise and cause spreading pain into the arm must necessariliy be ascertained with the doctor.