The term hemiparesis describes a disease pattern that is characterized by the partial paralysis of the body. Generally there is a distinction between the complete paralysis of one side of the body (hemiplegia) and the incomplete hemiparesis.
Neither the whole nor the incomplete hemiplegia is a independent disease but the symptoms or consequences of a brain injury. The most common causes of damage in the brain are either congenital malformations of one brainside or one of the following events:
- Stroke: blood circulation problems in blood vessels, which are responsible for the oxygenation of the brain;
- Infections such as meningitis or encephalitis;
- Brain injuries caused by accidents.
A hemiparesis is not reversible, but with intensive physiotherapy the most possible independence in daily life can be achieved and the quality of life can be increased signidicantly.