CS or CVS
The terms cervical syndrome or cervicovertebral syndrome summarise neck complaints, which are believed to be caused by different parts of the cervical spine (segments). They are found in the form of dysfunctions of the musculature and/or degenerative changes of the intervertebral discs and the articulations of the spine.
Cervic-spondylogenic syndrome signifies a non-radicular (no nerve root involvement) pain radiating from the neck, either towards the head (cervico cephalic syndrome, CCS) or arm (cervico brachial syndrome, CBS). Pains of a mechanical nature occur especially during the day and are alleviated in a relaxed posture, e.g. when lying down. Clinical tests often trigger these pains. Spondylogenic pain does not radiate into a clearly marked arm oder occipital area and can often appear alternately.
Cervico-radicular syndrome (dermatome-orientated pain radiation). The cervico-radicular syndrome usually arises from a nerve root compression (narrowing) due to a herniated disc. The pain is usually one-sided, clearly radiating into limited areas (dermatomes) and can be triggered off mechanically, even though the actual neck pain may be absent.
The thoracovertebral syndrome refers to pain in the thoracic spine area. The pain often starts in the costovertebral (rib spinal column joints) or facet joints of the thoracic spine.